Kazakhstan is extremely diversified destination! You’ll find there boundless prairies, picturesque mountains, spectacular valleys of Tian Shan as well as modern cities. As the country has abolished visas for numerous countries, it’s high time to visit it!
Kazakhstan is covered by 5 climatic zones and 2 time zones. It stretches out from Siberia up to the deserts in Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan and from the Caspian Sea to China.
The spaceport located in southern Kazakhstan holds the record as the largest and oldest functioning space launch facility. Baikonur Cosmodrome is the place where Sputnik 1, Earth's first artificial satellite, was launched. The rocket that lifted Yuri Gagarin, the first human in outer space, has also started from Baikonur. In the last half century, there were more than 1500 spaceships launched from the cosmodrome.
Baikonur Cosmodrome is situated in the vast desert steppes east of the Aral Sea, far away from large centers of population. To visit this space launch center, you need to give 45 days' notice in advance. There are travel agencies that will help you arrange a visit.
How to get there:
Take a look at the flight deals to Kazakhstan:
- Flights from Budapest to Astana for €59 >>
- SUMMER: Finland and Kazakhstan in one trip from Dublin from €183 >>
- From UK to Almaty from £226 >>
You can also rent a yurt at Airbnb for really unforgettable experience. You can spend a night like a nomad in the traditional round tent in the Kazakh countryside from just €19.
Wild camping is allowed anywhere in Kazakhstan and there are plenty of scenic spots in the mountains. A night in the desert is recommended for amazing views of the stars and spectacular sunsets and sunrises.
What to do:
In Kazakhstan, you can get recreation opportunities throughout the year. To make your vacation more active, consider visiting the mountains, glaciers, large rocky canyons, pristine mountain lakes and amazing rivers. The country offers great trails for hiking and cycling. Enjoy the pristine mountain scenery of Tian Shan or head outdoors to the Zaili Alatau. Make a horseback ride to crystal clear lakes. You will have a chance to spot Bactrian camels. Expert mountaineers can climb one of the snow-capped summits.
If you are an enthusiast of water sports, canoeing and rafting can be arranged easily through the local agents. Ili River is perfect for white water sports.
Kazakhstan also has the natural facilities for winter sports, like skiing. Visit Shymbulakski resort, located in the upper part of the Medeu Valley in the Zaiilisky Alatau mountain range. If you like hockey, there are several ice skating rinks.
History lovers should take a trip to the Great Silk Road, the ancient trade route connecting the East and West from China to the Mediterranean Sea. The dales and valleys of the Tien-Shan provided shelter for the merchants, workers, monks and soldiers who journeyed the 6,500 kilometres between east and west. You can also visit the town of Taraz and enjoy the great masterpieces of antique architecture, listed by UNESCO.
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